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The Altai Mountain goat is a wool goat that’s wool is highly valued in the light industry. These large goats are very active and require quite a large area for them to graze in. They are known to graze large amounts all day long. They are usually quite docile and obedient if raised correctly. But they are more suited to farms or larger homesteads!
Altai Mountain goat Quick Profile Overview
|These goats from the Altai Republic, Russia are very bold and robust goats|
|Country of Origin:||Altai Republic|
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|Main Purpose:||Wool Production|
|Can be used for||Breeding, Fiber|
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|Temperament:||Wary, docile, courageous and obedient|
|Good with Kids?||They are not really a goat you have around for a pet or children|
|You may Also Like:||10 Best Goat Breeds to Keep as Pet|
|Ideal Environment:/strong>||They need a lot of space and have no problems with rocky creviced landscapes. Need plenty of green vegetation especially grass.|
|Ideal Climate:||They were bred to withstand the harshest of climates|
Not Listed by the *ALC
They are rare in America
|Health Issues?||No known health issues and they have a very strong immune system|
|Good Starter Goat?||No|
|Goat Associations:||As they are not that common in the USA it is best to check with the Cashmere Goat Association for registered breeders in the country|
|Goat Clubs:||There are no listed clubs for this breed. Please refer to Associations.|
|Note: *ALC stands for American Livestock Conservancy|
|Hardy, sturdy and capable of fending for themselves.|
|Color(s):||Black and grey|
|Breed Weight:||97 lbs.||154 lbs.|
|Breed Height:||75 cm at withers||80 cm at withers|
|Hair:||Long thick hair||Long shaggy coat|
|Ears:||Straight and erect to the sides of the head||Straight and erect to the side of his head|
|Horns:||Thick and point backwards in a curve.||They are thick and curve toward his ears but do not go further than his neck|
|Matures at age:||5 to 15 months||3 to 15 months|
|Puberty Age:||5 to 6 months||4 to 9 months|
|Breeding Age:||18 months||1 year|
|Breeding Traits:||1 Breeding cycle||Cover 20 to 30 does in 1 season|
DOE BREEDING & MILKING INFORMATION
|The does are smaller than the buck and they will only breed once a year|
|Breeding Period/cycle:||Usually lasts 12 to 36 hours|
|Gestation Period:||Usually around 148 to 155 day but most are 150 days|
|Kids:||1 to 4 kids per litter|
|Good Mothers?||They take care of their kids until they are old enough to fend for themselves|
|Lactation Period:||284 days
The milk yield is better in the 4th week
|Milking From:||4 to 6 weeks after kidding|
|Milk Quality:||Good, They have enough milk for their kids|
|Milking Level:||N/A,They are not for milking|
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GOAT FIBER PRODUCTION INFORMATION
|They are an excellent wool goat with high wool yields and wool fleece of 60% to 70%. Their wool production is quite consistent every year unlike most other wool goat breeds.|
|Type of Fiber Produced:||Cashmere|
|Approx. Quantity:||Doe: 450 to 600 grams per season
Buck:600 to 900 grams per season
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GOOD TO KNOW
|Information that can be rather handy and good to know about the Altai Mountain Goat|
|Where to buy them:||As they are not very common in the USA please check with the various associations such as the American Goat Federation and the Cashmere Goat Associations.
The links can be found under the “Useful Links” section of this article.
|Agility:||They can scale precarious mountain regions and rocky crevices quite easily.|
|Interact with other animals:||They tend to stick to their own kind but will graze alongside other livestock quite contentedly.|
These goats are extremely hardy and are mainly left out in the pastures and mountainous regions to graze all year around. They are herded for sheering, general health and herd checks. They are also brought in for breeding to ensure the pedigree of the breed.
They are superior to most other wool goats in both live weight and wool production.
They have an advantage live weight of up to 5 – 10 kg’s more than average.
This gives them 3 to 4 times more wool yield.
The average wool diameter for adult Altai goats is 16-17 μm.
The average wool diameter for young goats is 15 -16 μm.
Their wool is a valuable commodity in light industry as it has high technical qualities.
The average breaking length of the wool is – to 9.5 km as compared to a Merino sheep wool that is up to 1/23 μm in diameter with a breaking length of no less than 7 cm.
The Collective farms in the Altai Republic that breed Altai are doing so to improve the breed pedigree, hardiness, high adaptability without compromising their excellent wool production qualities.
This breed has been designed to without environments like the unique environment of Siberia.
Since the Collective farms have started breeding the Altai the goat’s population has increased from just under 8000 in 1970 to over 9000 in more recent years.
With this increase in the Altai Mountain goat’s population cashmere production has risen to over 3840 kg’s per season.
Their skin makes excellent leather for use in various leather manufacturing. But the Altai goat breed is used more for its fiber than pelt.
The Altai goat breed is not really used for their meat production as the take years to mature but when they do it is said that their meat is of good quality
Between 1944 and 1982 the Altai Mountain Goat breed was developed in the Altai Republic, a federal subject of Russia.
They were bred by a collective of farms in the Gorno-Altai Autonomous region where the goat is basically kept out to pasture throughout the year.
The breed was created with Don goats that were bred with local goats in order to improve the quality of their wool, adaptability and hardiness.
The Altai Mountain goat is said to have superior wool and most of the goats are all uniform in the coloring and stature. Their wool yield hardly differs more than 10% either way.
They were bred to withstand the unique conditions of Siberia without deterioration on the animal’s wool quality. They are very weather hardy and quite capable of fending for themselves under extreme conditions.
Collective farms have been building on this goats’ pedigree and working to increase their population numbers.
These goats also have a great meat texture and fatten quickly during the summer months.
They are not used in commercial meat markets as the goat is very slow to mature and can take up to 5 years to reach full maturity.
- American Goat Society(AGS)
- American Goat Federation (AGF)
- American Dairy Goat Association (ADGA)
- American Cashmere Goat Association (ACGA)
- Canadian Meat Goat Association (CMGA)
- Canadian Goat Society (CGS)
- Animal Shelter (ASPCA)
- American Veterinary Medical Association
- American Poultry Association
- American Animal Welfare Society
- American Animal Control
- American Animal Husbandry Society