The Texel is a strong hardy sheep with a sturdy robust build. They are heavily muscled, and the lambs grow relatively fast. They are today quite a popular meat sheep breed in a lot of countries throughout the world including America, Australia, New Zealand and countries in Europe.
TEXEL SHEEP QUICK PROFILE OVERVIEW
|The Texel is a medium to large breed with lots of muscle and leanness to their bodies.
|Country of Origin:
|Texels, Improved Texel, Verbeterde Texelse and Texelaar
|Medium to large
|Meat but can also produce wool
|Can be used for
|Breed, **LSC, Meat, Wool
|Docile, calm, inquisitive and easy to handle
|Heat, Cold, Most climates
Not listed by the *ALC
|No known health issues
|Good Starter Sheep?
|Novice to intermediate level sheep farmer/keeper
|Texel Sheep Breeders Society
Please refer to the Texel Sheep Breeders Society
members/breeders directory listings
| Note: *ALC stands for American Livestock Conservancy
** LSC stands for Landscape Management – the animal is used for controlling various vegetation growth
|The Texel sheep breed has a white-face and head that is clean of wool but has fine hair. The have a short wide face with a black nose. They almost have a perfectly horizontal carriage, clean legs and black hooves.
|White or light brown
EWE BREEDING & MILKING INFORMATION
|The ewes breed once a year and mostly produce enough milk to wean their lambs. They have excellent mothering instincts and are quite protective over their lambs.
|Usually lasts 24 to 36 hours
|Ave. 17 days/13 to 19 days
|Usually, around 150 to 155 days but most gestation is 152 days
|1 and on the rare occasion 2 (twins)
|Usually, around 150 to 240 day but most are milked for 180 days
|4 to 6 weeks after lambing
|Milk Ideal for:
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SHEEP MEAT PRODUCTION INFORMATION
|The Texel is very popular for its high-quality meat it produces. They have a high dress out percentage with excellent meat to bone ratio. The have lest waste with a succulent well textured meat that has a unique full flavor of its own. The meat is in demand by butchers and consumers alike as the meat is lean and does not leave a fatty taste in the mouth. It also tends to take less time to cook the meat. Lambs can weigh up to 44 kgs at 24 weeks old.
|Yes, Quality: Premium grade meat
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SHEEP WOOL PRODUCTION INFORMATION
|The Texel wool is of a medium grade wool and is becoming quite rare to come by these days as the Texel sheep breed is being used mainly for its meat.
|Wool is used to Produce:
|It is used mainly for knitting wools, hosiery yarn and on occasion futons or high-quality carpets. Spinning score of 46s to 56s.
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GOOD TO KNOW
|A few more interesting facts to know about the breed
|Children should not be left unattended around livestock
|They are well versed at landscape management
|Where to buy them?
|Please refer to the Texel Sheep Breeders Society members/breeders directory listings
|The Texel sheep breed is one of the most dominant sheep breeds in Europe due to its excellent quality lean meat.
Texel rams are used as sires to improve meat production and quality of various sheep breeds.
The Texel sheep breeds can withstand incredibly harsh conditions and environments including that of the harsh winter climates of Scotland.
On the Dutch Island of Texel farmers noted that there was a breed of sheep that gained weight rapidly without having to eat much.
This factor encouraged the farmers to start exploiting this characteristic and they started to cross breed these sheep and thus the Texel sheep was developed.
Sheep breeds such as the Leicester Longwool breed and the Lincoln breed of sheep were crossed with the Texel in the mid 1800’s. The emphasis for developing this breed was put on developing a sheep breed that produced a heavily muscled lamb for superior meat quality and a low propensity for fat disposition.
The Texel was first imported to the United States in 1985 by the Meat Animal Research Center at the Clay Center Nebraska. They were quarantined for five years before some were released and privately sold. Since then there have been quite a few breeders in the United States that have privately imported the Texel Sheep breed.
- United States Lamb Resource Center
- American Sheep Industry Association
- American Sheep Industry Association List of Breed Associations & Standards
- American Milk Sheep Association
- Dairy Sheep Association of North America
- American Wool Council
- Fur Commission USA
- North American Meat Institute
- American Lamb Board
- National Lamb Feeders Association
- American Livestock Conservancy
- Animal Shelter (ASPCA)
- American Veterinary Medical Association
- American Animal Welfare Society
- American Animal Control
- American Animal Husbandry Society
- United States Department of Agriculture